Hankley Common

Health & Safety Affects on
Humans and Animals

Climate change has made it harder for both people and wild animals to survive. Droughts that are more frequent and extreme, storms, heat waves, rising sea levels, melting glaciers, and warmer oceans can all directly injure animals, destroy the habitats they rely on for survival, and have a disastrous impact on people's way of life and communities.

 

According to a landmark UN report on the state of climate science, modern society's continued reliance on fossil fuels is warming the planet at a rate that is unheard of in the last 2,000 years, and its effects are already noticeable as record droughts, wildfires, and floods decimate communities all over the world.

Over the past ten years, the amount of sea ice covering the Arctic during the late summer was at its lowest level in at least 1,000 years. The glaciers' continuous global retreat is unprecedented in at least 2,000 years. Additionally, ocean temperatures are rising at a rate that has not been seen since the end of the last ice age 11,000 years ago.

Breaking down climate change

The first prediction that variations in atmospheric carbon dioxide levels may significantly modify the surface temperature through the greenhouse effect was made in 1896 in a fundamental study by Swedish scientist Svante Arrhenius. Guy Callendar made the link between rising atmospheric carbon dioxide levels and global warming in 1938.

Although a 7°C change in air or water temperature may not seem like much, it also equals the distance from the last ice age to the present. 7°C can mean the difference between life and death for many creatures and plants. An abrupt change in temperature can be too much for living things because they are frequently adapted to exist in a specific range of temperatures.

If Earth warms by 2 °C above preindustrial levels, an extreme temperature event over land that happened once every 50 years in ages past will probably happen every four years. Additionally, the globe should prepare for an increase in compound phenomena such simultaneous long-term droughts and heat waves.

About 74,000 years ago humans almost become extinct; as a result of extreme climate changes, the population was reduced to about 10,000 adults of reproductive age.

In comparison to the pre-industrial age between 1850 and 1900, the earth is already 1.1° C (1.9° F) warmer. There is no denying that it will be challenging to keep global warming to 1.5° C, but there is also no denying that we have the technology to do so and that every tenth of a degree counts. A single, comprehensive plan that aims to restrict global warming to well below 2° C (3.6° F)—or possibly 1.5° C—was endorsed by 196 nations in 2015.

Why we need to limit consumption

By the year 2050, 1 billion people could be affected by rising sea levels. Rainfall, snowfall, and other precipitation could occur more frequently and with greater intensity as a result of global warming. The chance of flooding also rises as that risk does

Coral bleaching, a condition when coral reefs turn white and become more susceptible to illness and mortality, is caused by changes in water temperature.

Every summer, Arctic sea ice retreats, yet now it still covers millions of square kilometres of ocean. However, the Arctic is warming more quickly than any other region of the planet, and ice-free summers may soon become a reality.

If we don't take action, heat waves will increase in frequency and severity throughout the planet, harming hundreds of millions—if not billions—of people.

Important habitats for some animals and plants may become uninhabitable as the earth continues to warm. Various species are at risk as a result, depending on their ability to adapt or relocate.

If you own your home, think about installing solar panels or researching local community solar initiatives. Additionally, find out whether your utilities provide renewable energy options and switch. Your bills may not be significantly affected by this move as the cost of renewable energy declines.

Utilise public transportation occasionally, bike to work or school, or carpool to lessen the impact of your everyday travel on fossil fuels.

Look closely at the food waste in your home and reduce it from the existing level. Just purchase what you require and consume that.

Climate change impacts

Humans

The disruption of food systems, rise in zoonoses and food-, water-, and vector-borne diseases, as well as mental health problems are all significant effects of climate change on health. Extreme weather events like heatwaves, storms, and floods are also becoming more often. In addition, many of the social factors that influence health, such as access to healthcare, equality, and livelihoods, are being weakened by climate change.

The most vulnerable and disadvantaged groups, such as women, children, ethnic minorities, poor communities, migrants or displaced people, elderly populations, and those with underlying health issues, are disproportionately affected by climate-sensitive health risks. 

 

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), climate change causes at least 150,000 fatalities annually, a number that is projected to more than double by 2030. Global warming's effects will have serious health effects: Virus-based illnesses.

Children are at risk for a variety of reasons. Children, for instance, are more prone to heat exhaustion, dehydration, and exposure to air pollution and smoke from wildfires. Because of the immaturity of their immune systems, they are more susceptible to infections. They frequently have to rely on people to protect them in times of danger and assist them in recovering afterwards.

Due to the physiological demands of pregnancy, pregnant women are more susceptible to heat stress during heatwaves. They are extremely sensitive to exposure to air pollution and smoke from bushfires, as are their unborn children.

Dehydration, heat stress, infections, and the escalation of heart and lung disease are all risks that older persons and those with pre-existing medical disorders are especially vulnerable to. 

 

Inequalities in underlying health outcomes and limited accessibility to healthcare and other services contribute to the increased risk faced by people who live in rural and remote areas, as well as Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, people with low incomes, and other vulnerable populations. Extreme events including bushfires, droughts, hurricanes, and sea level rise can potentially pose a threat to residents of rural, isolated, or coastal towns.

Wildlife

The essential necessities for survival are provided by the environment or habitat for the populations of wildlife. Wildlife populations receive their food, water, shelter, and space from ecosystems or habitats. Populations of wildlife cannot exist if none of these fundamental requirements are met in a satisfactory manner.

The obvious goals of conservation are the protection of wildlife and the advancement of biodiversity. The animals we adore won't vanish into oblivion by being protected and preserved for future generations. And we can keep the ecosystem in good shape and working properly. 

Wildlife contributes to keeping nature's ecological equilibrium. The killing of carnivores increases the population of herbivores, which in turn affects the vegetation in the forest. As a result, because the forest is starved of food, these animals leave the forest and damage our crops on agricultural land.

The illegal trade in wildlife, habitat degradation, invasive species, pollution, and climate change are some of the largest dangers to wildlife.

The 1972 Wildlife Protection Act of India is a thorough piece of legislation that governs national parks, zoos, and other protected areas. Its main goal is to stop the illegal trafficking in wildlife and its byproducts.

Any shipment containing goods from the illegal wildlife trade must be stopped by the customs agency. The porous border between India and Nepal, Myanmar, and Bangladesh is frequently exploited to transport these goods. For the preservation of wildlife, India maintains more than 600 Protected Areas (PA).