How to Capture Landscapes


What is it that makes landscape photography so appealing? It's more than those stunning sunsets or vibrantly coloured trees, believe it or not. It's understanding how to get the most out of your camera. In this article, you'll discover why smartphones and digital cameras often fail to capture the beauty of the outdoors, as well as what you can do to create the same amazing landscape images that you see online or in galleries.


Landscape photography is the ability to capture a natural or outside scene of nature, in such a manner that the viewer's eye and attention are drawn in.


One of the most popular types of photography is landscape photography. It's easy to become mesmerised by gorgeous scenery while we explore and travel. We may convert a memorable event into a photograph when learning how to shoot it properly. While landscape photography is frequently associated with nature photography, in many cases a metropolis may be considered a landscape different to the genre 'nature'.


It is not necessary to compose landscape photographs in a horizontal format. In fact, it's a popular myth that you can't picture a landscape in vertical mode. Each scenario will have its unique collection of variables that will influence perspective, camera settings, and approaches for capturing the most captivating image possible.


Great landscape photography needs a lot of thinking before pressing the shutter. The following are the actions you must take to enhance your landscape photography.

This was my first landscape photograph was in the Lake District, this is a good example of a bad camera and very bad weather, fog and rain. I borrowed a Canon EOS 300 from one of my family members, in the late 2000s. I would recommend a lens with 35mm or 24mm, you can use either a wide-angle or small focal length, as I do now with mine.


Using a good camera

This is a myth I commonly see in a lot of photography magazines, although to some level this is true, a lot of DSLR and mirrorless cameras and most smartphone cameras can capture some stunning landscape images but they still fall short of professional cameras in terms of quality. E.g. Nikon D5300 with a 35mm AF-S NIKKOR lens is fine for capturing landscapes.


A tripod could be useful

Tripods are recommended but optional, many landscape photographers assume their photographs are crisp enough when they shoot handheld, only to be disappointed when the smallest elements are enlarged, I have fallen into that trap myself. A tripod can be one of the most critical pieces of equipment for landscape photography. They help to reduce camera shaking so that blurry photos are avoided, especially when using slower shutter speeds. A tripod allows you to use a low ISO to prevent noise in low-light situations.


Don't settle with any old tripod. When it comes to this sort of photographic equipment, it should be robust and solid enough to support your camera even in windy situations while still being lightweight enough to not be a bother when travelling. I have a tripod by my side just in case I will use it, it is a standard Nikon tripod, however, have a look at this website for more details on your tripod needs Adorama.



Manual exposure

Familiarise yourself with the exposure triangle: shutter, aperture and ISO, using Manual Mode on your DSLR or mirrorless camera. Each is quantified by a numerical number and influences the amount of light passing through the lens.


Shutter speed: After pressing the shutter button, the shutter speed determines how quickly or slowly the shutter shuts to finish the image capture.


Aperture: The theoretical value represented as an f-number or "stops" to define the size of the lens iris opening, which controls the quantity of light entering the lens and affects the depth of field.


ISO: The sensitivity of the camera to available light.


Each of these may be adjusted in your camera, and the perfect combination will help you acquire the right exposure for a photograph. So, whether you're taking photographs during the day or expecting to obtain amazing night images of the city, once you grasp how these three function and interact, you'll be able to acquire the proper settings.



Finding good lighting

You have more freedom to photograph in diverse lighting settings thanks to your camera. Nonetheless, because the sun will be your primary light source, you'll want to photograph when the light isn't too harsh, as gentle, diffused lighting helps expose genuine colour tones and makes your images appear more natural. Landscape photography, in particular, will need some trial and error to understand natural light.


Landscape photographers often go out during golden hour to capture gorgeous blue and orange sky mixtures. We recommend that you spend some time learning about the qualities of the lighting you'll encounter when shooting at different times of the day so you can plan your shoot accordingly. You can discover that you prefer one time of day to the next.



Experiment with filters

Landscape photographers often employ two types of camera lens filters to improve their photographs. The polarizing filter, for example, controls reflections, reduces glare and darkens the sky to a deep blue to make clouds stand out. The neutral density filter, on the other hand, prevents a certain amount of light from entering the lens, allowing you to utilise slower shutter speeds, larger apertures, and/or higher ISO settings without overexposing your image.


Polarized filters enhance the colours and general quality of your landscape photos immediately. To make the greatest use of the Neutral Density filter for standard landscape photography approaches, it may take some getting accustomed to. If you're on a budget, we recommend starting with the circular polarizer and then levelling up with an ND filter to obtain those silky smooth streams and enjoy motion blur effects.




Shoot in RAW

I cannot stress this enough, I still see photographers and videographers shooting in low-quality, shoot in RAW image format rather than JPEG for much better results. RAW photographs maintain full image information and enable you to capture higher-quality images as compared to JEPG shots. JPEG, on the other hand, compresses files, resulting in fewer picture data.


You'll want RAW files that are simpler to edit for colour improvements, white balance corrections, and other digital modifications until you achieve the results you want. You'll be able to approach your landscape photography post-processing workflow from a point of freedom if you choose RAW as one of your go-to camera settings.



Allow yourself to be creative

If you prefer to photograph the same places and scenes as everyone else, you'll probably wind up with the same shot. So, how can you distinguish your photographs? Aside from using adequate exposure and ensuring that your shot is clear and blurred in all the right spots, your originality is what will make your photo stand out. Instead of simply recording the sight in front of you, consider how you might convey a narrative or create a unique visual experience. Many full-time landscape photographers employ a combination of these techniques to distinguish their work. Here are a few pointers to help you take more interesting landscape shots.



Capturing the contrast

When shooting landscapes, contrast is crucial, yet it also relies on the photographer's editing approach. You must be able to capture photographs that show the distinct difference in landscapes, whether it's the contrast between a stunning blue sky and a desert environment or a lush, green, temperate rainforest contrasted with turquoise waterways.


A polarizing filter is an excellent tool for capturing that contrast. A polarizing filter, which is often screwed onto the front of a lens, will substantially and progressively boost contrast levels dependent on the photographer's manual changes. It also reduces the amount of glare or reflection that a picture might have, giving you more control when shooting with a polarising filter.



What makes a good landscape photographer?

What I look for in a landscape photo is the personality of the photographer, weather and what is in front of the camera but also natural lighting and how shadows and colours are made, when I am interested to go into depth, I look for how the photographer cares about the environment and how they took the photograph.


A good landscape shot, in general, is similar to any other good photograph. It creates an emotional response from the spectator, but it does it by focusing on the natural world around us. That's not to imply that people, man-made objects, or animals can't be included in a nice landscape photograph. In reality, it's the polar opposite! Many fantastic landscape images include such features to highlight scale, set a mood, and provide context for a region.