The History of Photography and its Photographers



1500. Camera Oscura (pinhole camera). Invented by Alhazen


1826. First surviving photograph by Nicephore Niepce


1839. Paris. Invention of the daguerreotype by Louise Jacques Mande Daguerre.


1839. First publicly announced the photographic process by William Henry Fox Talbot. Impressionism of objects by placing them on paper sensitized with sodium chloride and silver nitrates. Photogenic drawings.


1841. William Henry Fox Talbot introduces the calotype. Reduces the necessary exposure time and increases the sensitivity of the negative.


1842. Sir John Herschel invents the cyanotype process. The cyan-blue-print mix of Potassium Ferricyanide and ferric ammonium citrate and water.


1847. Start of medical photography at South Worth and Hawes Studio.


1848. Langenheim Brothers introduce the first photographic lantern slide.


1849. Sir David Brewster developed the Kaleidoscope as a hand-held device.


1850. Louis Desire announces the method for creating albumen prints.


1850. J.T. Zealy takes a series of prints of African American slaves, for Louis Agassiz.


1851. Frederick Scott Archer introduces the wet collection process Glass Negative.


1852. John Adams Whipple captures the moon, through the Harvard College observatory telescope.


1854. James Anson introduces the ambrotype process, consisting of a glass negative exposed in the camera. Carte de visite (Portrait carte-de-visite) was invented by André Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri: A 4x2.5 inch print.


1856. Tintype process was invented by Hamilton Lanphere Smith.


1863. First WW1 photographers arrived in Japan. Felice Beato opened a studio.


1866. Cabinet photographers were introduced in the US. 6.5 x 4.25-inch prints.


1869. The pictorialism movement flourishes operated by Caroline Haskins Gurrey.


1874. Silver Gelatin paper becomes commercially available.


1877. Eadweard Muybridge develops a fast shutter and embarks on human and animal locomotion studios.


1885. French, Alphonse Bertillon, a criminologist and anthropologist invents the mugshot.


1888. Kodak “You press the button, we do the rest” George Eastman.


1897. J.B. Millet was one of the last publishes to illustrate a book with original photographs.


1900. Brownie camera. One dollar.


1903. Aerial photography. The Wright Brothers.


1906. J.P. Morgan finances Edward Curtis to document the culture of the North American Indian, 20 volumes.


1924. Surrealist photographs. André Breton. The manifesto of surrealism


1925. Lecia I becomes the first practical and commercially successful 35mm camera.


1934. Fine art advertising and industrial photography.


1935. Colour transparency film. Kodachrome. Eastman Kodak.


1936. Henry Luce’s life. The first all-photographic American news magazine. Life Magazine.


1936. Margaret Bourke-White, the first female photographic in Life.


1940. Department of photography. NY Modern Art Museum. Beaumont Newhall.


1942. Eastman Kodak develops the Kodacolour process. Colour prints from colour negatives.


1948. Edwin Land introduces the first instant camera. Polaroid Land 95 prints in 60 seconds.


1949. International museum of photography. George Eastman. Rochester.


1955. Edward Steichen. “The family of man” exhibition.


1962. National Geographic. Printed colour photos.


1963. Kodak. Instamatic first point-and-shoot camera.


1975. Steven Sasson, a young engineer at Eastman Kodak invents digital photography.


1977. Susan Sontag publishes “on photography” the woman’s movement.


2000. Camera phone introduced.


2004. Kodak ceases production of film cameras.





Photographers to remember


Julia Margaret Cameron. Famous Portraits. British. 1815-1979.


Eadweard Muybridge. Natural landscapes. 1830-1904.


Edward Curtis. Portraying Native Americans & West Americans. 1868-1952.


Imogen Cunningham. Botanical & industrial. American. 1883-1976.


Edward Weston. Close-up natural, nudes & landscapes. American. 1886-1958.


Paul Strand. Photo league. American. 1860-1976.


Dorothea Lange. Portrait of the depression. American. 1865- 1965.


Alfred Eisenstaedt. Victory over Japan. German. 1898- 1991.


Berenice Abbott. NYC Buildings. American 1898-1984.


Ansel Adams. Landscapes. American. 1902-1984.


Cecil Beaton. Photos of WWI & the damages from Germany's blitz. 1904-1980.


Margaret Bourke-White. Allowed in war zones. American. 1904-1971.


Henri Cartier-Bresson. Photojournalism. French. 1908-2004.


Yousuf Karsh. Published book sessions. Canadian. 1908-2002.


Robert Capa. Wartime photojournalism. Hungarian. 1913-1954.


Allan Arbus. US Army. American. 1918-2013.


Helmut Newton. Exotic photos. German. 1920-2004.


Diane Arbus. New Yorkers. American. 1923-1971.


Richard Avedon. World events. American. 1923-2004.


Eddie Adams. Captured Vietnam War. American. 1933-2004.


David Bailey. London culture. British. 1938--


Martin Parr. Beaches. British. 1952--


Ellen von Unwerth. Erotic femininity. German. 1954--