On your camera, there should be a dial or arrows somewhere. Depending on the shutter speeds you want, move the dial left or right/arrows up or down. 1/1000, 1/250, 1/30, 1/2, 1/4, and so on.
When taking a photograph, shutter speed or exposure time refers to the amount of time the film or digital sensor inside the camera is exposed to light. The exposure duration is proportional to the amount of light that reaches the film or image sensor. 1/500 sec lets in half as much light as 1/250 sec.
More light strikes the sensor as the shutter speed is longer, resulting in a brighter image. Faster shutter speeds allow less light to reach the sensor, resulting in a darker image. Shutter speed, in addition to brightness, determines how motion is captured in your photograph.
When shooting handheld, your shutter speed should not be faster than the focal length of your lens. If you're using a 200mm lens, for example, your shutter speed should be 1/200th of a second or faster to get a sharp image.
The shutter speed of a camera is exactly what it sounds like: the rate at which the shutter closes. A rapid shutter speed generates a shorter exposure — the amount of light the camera takes in — and a slow shutter speed gives the photographer a longer exposure.
Displayed on a digital or film camera as Tv or S, Tv means "time value". When choosing Shutter priority you are in control of the shutter speed you want to shoot at, you let the camera decide on the best aperture for the well-exposed shot.
How fast does a shutter speed have to be to freeze motion?
That depends on the speed with which your subject moves. To freeze motion, a shutter speed of 1/250 of a second is required. However, for some subjects, 1/250 isn't fast enough.
What if the shutter speed is set too fast?
It's possible that the image you took will be excessively dark. It's possible that the camera won't be able to communicate with shutter-dependent devices. You may also discover that you have a lot of images that are beautifully clear but were taken too rapidly to present your desired emotional outcome.
Measuring a slow shutter speed.
The shutter remains open for a longer period of time when utilising a slow shutter speed. This not only allows for more light to be recorded, but it also blurs any moving objects. Slow shutter speeds are frequently utilised while photographing in low-light situations or when capturing motion blur. Use a tripod to avoid any unnecessary additional motion caused by camera movement. This helps to avoid the image being contaminated by camera movement.
Slow shutter rates can be coupled with flash to record both frozen and blurred movement, which can be utilised for creative methods like panning. However, you should never utilise a shutter speed that is slower than your focal length.
Measuring a fast shutter speed.
Faster shutter speeds mean the shutter stays open for a shorter length of time, allowing light to pass through the sensor more quickly. Faster shutter speeds freeze movement, making them ideal for photographing fast-moving subjects like sports or wildlife.